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References

  Verhoeff, J., “Van KZ-wet naar BOPZ” In: Verslag symposium mei 1984, Van KZ-wet naar BOPZ, wetgeving en uitvoering, Universitaire Leergangen Gezondheidszorg, Groningen, 1985, pp.51-61
  Wilk, H. vd., “Psychiatrie in werkelijkheid” [Psychiatry in reality],  Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1982, 37:800-806
  Boszormenyi-Nagy, oral message
  Grenander, M.E., “Psychiatry’s Sacred Cow: Thomas Szasz and the Mythology of Mental Illness,” Reason, 1979, Mar 10:30-34
  Szasz, with Alexander G.J., “The American Association for the Abolition of Involuntary Mental Hospitalization,” Abolitionist I:I-2, summer, 1971
  Szasz, A.A.A.I.M.H. – R.I.P. Abolitionist 9:1,4, Sept. 1978
  For instance: Trimbos, CJBJ, Antipsychiatrie: een overzicht, Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1975; Verbeek, E, Psychiatrie in holle en bolle spiegels, Nijkerk: Callenbach, 1975; Hendrix, E, De ideologie van de antipsychiatrie: een studie van psychiatrische, ontologische, wetenschapsfilosofische en politieke standpunten van de antipsychiatrie, Gent: Licentiaatsscriptie Rijsuniversiteit, 1973; Klerman, G.L, “Mental Illness, the Medical Model, and Psychiatry,” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1977:2:220-243; Sedgwick P., “Mental Illness is Illness,” Salmagundie 1972, 20:196-224
  Szasz, oral message
  Szasz, “Psychiatriuc aspects of vagotomy: a preliminary report,” Annals of Internal Medicine, Feb. 1948, 28:279-288; “Psychiatriuc aspects of vagotomy: II. a psychiatric study of vagotomized ulcer patients with comments on prognosis” July-Aug. 1948, Psychosomatic Medicine, II: 187-200; “Psychiatric aspects of vagotomy: IV Phantom ulcer pain,” Archives of Nerurology and Psychiatry, Dec., 1949, 62: 728-733; “Factors in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer,” Psychosomatic Medicine, Sept.-Oct., 1949, II- 300-304; “Psychiatric aspects of vagotomy: III. The problem of diarrhea after vagotomy,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, May, 1952, 115: 394-405
  Szasz, “Psychosomatic aspects of salivary activity: I. Hypersalivation in patients with peptic ulcer,” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 1950, 62: 728-733; “Psychosomatic aspects of salivary activity; II. Psychoanalytic observations concerning hypersalivation,” Psychosomatic Medicine, Sept. 1950, 12:320-331
  Szasz, “Physiologic and psychodynamic mechanisms in constipation and diarrhea,” Psychosomatic Medicine, March-April 1951, 13:112-116; “Oral mechanisms in constipation and diarrhea,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1951, 32:196-203
  Szasz & Robertson, A, “A theory of pathogenesis of ordinary human baldness,” Archives of Dermatology and Syphilology, Jan. 1950, 61:34-48
  Szasz, “Psychoanalysis and the autonomic nervous system,” Psychoanalytic Review, April, 1952, 39:115-151
  Szasz and Alexander, F, “The Psychosomatic Approach in Medicine,” In: Alexander, F, Ross, H, eds, Dynamic Psychiatry, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952, 369-400
  Szasz, “Language and Pain,” In: Arieti S, ed.: American Handbook of Psychiatry, 1959, Vol I, New York: Basic Books: p. 992
  Szasz, “Scientific method and social role in medicine and psychiatry,” Archives of Internal Medicine, Feb. 1958, 101:228
  Szasz, “Language and Pain,” In: Arieti S. ed, American Handbook of Psychiatry, Vol. I, New York: Basic Books, 1959: page 985
  Szasz, “Some Observations on the relationship between psychiatry and the law,” Archives of Neurology and  Psychiatry, March 1956, 75:300
  Szasz, “Scientific method and social role in medicine and psychiatry,” Archives of Internal Medicine, Feb. 1958, 101:230
  Szasz, “The problem of psychiatric nosology: A contribution to a situational analysis of psychiatric operations,” American Journal of Psychiatry, Nov., 1957, 114:405
  Szasz, “Psychoanalysis and Medicine,” In: Levitt M, ed. Readings in Psychoanalytic Psychology, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts: 1959, p. 358
  Szasz, “The myth of mental illness,” American Psychologist, Feb. 1960, 15:113-118
  Szasz, “Psychoanalysis as method and as theory,” Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 1958, 27:93
  Szasz, “Some observations on the relationship between psychiatry and the law,” A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, March, 1956, 75:301
  Szasz, “Some observations on the relationship between psychiatry and the law,” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, March 1956, 75:297-315; “Psychiatric expert testimony: Its covert meaning and social function,” Psychiatry, Aug. 1957, 20:313-316; “Psychiatry, ethics, and criminal law,” Columbia Law Review, Feb. 1958, 58:183-198; “Recent books on the relationship of psychiatry to criminology” (a review article), Psychiatry, Aug. 1958, 21: 307-319
  Szasz, “The problem of psychiatric nosology: A contribution to a situational analysis of psychiatric operations,” American Journal of Psychiatry, Nov. 1957, 114:405-413
      Szasz, “The communication of distress between child and parent,” British Journal of Medical Psychology, 1959, 32: 161-170
      Szasz, “Commitment of the mentally ill: ‘Treatment’ or Social Restraint?” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, April - June 1957, 125:293-307; “Civil liberties and mental illness: Some observations on the case of Miss Edith L. Hough,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, July 1960, 131:58-63; “Civil liberties and the mentally ill,” Cleveland-Marshall Law Review, Sept. 1960, 9:399-416, among others
      Szasz, “Civil liberties and the mentally ill,” Cleveland-Marshall Law Review, Sept. 1960, 9:399-416
      Szasz, “Moral conflict and psychiatry,” Yale Review, June 1960, 49:555-566
      ibid, p 560
  Szasz, “Civil liberties and the mentally ill,” Cleveland-Marshall Law Review, Sept. 1960, 9:399-416
  Szasz, “Psychiatry, ethics, and the criminal law,” Columbia Law Review, Feb. 1958, 58:183-198
  Szasz, “Criminal Responsibility and Psychiatry,” In: Toch H. ed. Legal and Criminal Psychology, New York, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston:, 1961, 146-168
  Ryle, G. The Concept of Mind, Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1978 (originally 1949)
  see also: Schoeck, H, Wiggins, J.W., eds, “Psychiatry as a Social Institution,” in Psychiatry and Responsibility, Princeton, 1962,  NJ:D van Nostrand: 1-18
  see, for instance, Van Dijk, W.K. Iets over diagnostiek en diagnostiseren in de psychiatrie, Groningen: Woldters, 1964, Oratie.; Van Dijk, W.K., “Diagnostiek, klinische psychiatrie en psycho-analyse,” In: Van der Leeuw, P.J., Frijling-Schreuder, E.C.M. &  Kuiper P.C., eds., Hoofdstukken uit de hedendaagse psychoanalyse [Chapters From Modern Psychoanalysis], Arnhem: van Loghum Slaterus, 1967:129-42; Kendell, R.E., The Role of Diagnosis in Psychiatry, Oxford: Blackwell, 1975; DSM-III, 1980
  Van Dijk, W.K., “Eenheid en eigenheid van de psychiatrie” [Uniformity in Psychiatry], in: Mooy, A.W.M., Procee, H., eds., Aspecten van de psychiatrie, Baarn: Ambo, 1980, 18-34
  Cancro, R., “Review of ‘Schizophrenia’”, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1978, 135:763; White, C., “Review of ‘Schizophrenia”’ British Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 136:603
  Szasz, “Some observations on the relationship between psychiatry and the law,” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, March 1956, 75:297-315
  Szasz, “‘R.F.K. Must Die!’” New York Times Book Review, Nov. 15 1970, pp 8 & 74
  Szasz, “Reagan should let the jurorsjJudge Hinckley,” Washington Post, May 6 1981, A-19; and “The case of John Hinckley,” Spectator London, July 11 1981, pp 9-10
  Weis, J.G., “Dialogue with David Matza,” Issues in Criminology, 1971; 6:33-53
  Trimbos, C.J.B.J., Antipsychiatrie: een overzicht [Antipsychiatry, an Overview], Deventer, Van Loghum Slaterus, 1975
  Szasz, “The concept of testamentary apacity: Further observations on the role of psychiatric concepts in legal situations,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, July - Sept. 1957, 125:474-477; and “Psychiatric expert testimony: Its covert meaning and social function,” Psychiatry, Aug. 1957, 20:313-316
  Van Wieringen, J., “De meest geruchtmakende krankzinnigverklaring van deze eeuw,” [The most notorious declaration of insanity of the century], Volkskrant, Aug. 14 1982
  Szasz, “Mental illness,” (letters) Economist, June 17 1967, p 1192
  Hess, H.J., and Thomas, H.E., “Incompetency to stand trial:: Procedures, results, and problems,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1963, 119:713-720
  Geller, J.L, and Lister, E.D., “The Process of criminal commitment for pretrial psychiatric examination: An evaluation,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1978, 135:53-60
  Stone, A.A., “Comment,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1978, 135:61-63
  Pendleton, L., “Treatment of persons found incompetent to stand trial,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137:1098-1100
  See, for instance, Szasz, “The role of the counterphobic mechanism in addiction,” Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 1958, 6:321, and many other places.
  Szasz, “Some observations on the use of tranquilizing drugs,” A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, Jan. 1957, 77:86-92
  Szasz, “From the slaughterhouse to the madhouse,” Psychotherapy, Spring,1971, 8:64-67
  For instance, Szasz, “Psychiatric aspects of vagotomy: IV Phantom ulcer pain,” Archives of Nerurology and Psychiatry, Dec., 1949, 62:730
  ibid, p 731
  Szasz, “Entropy, organization, and the problem of the economy of human relationships,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1955, 36:297
  Szasz, “On the psychoanalytic theory of instincts,” Psychoanalytic Quarterly, Jan. 1952, 21:24-48
  Szasz, “A critical analysis of some aspects of the libido theory: The concepts of libidinal zones, aims, and modes of gratification,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Jan. 23 1959, 76: 975-990
  Szasz, “Psychoanalysis and Medicine,” In: Levitt M, ed., Readings in Psychoanalytic Psychology, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1959, 76:355-374
  Szasz, “A critical analysis of some aspects of the libido theory: The concepts of libidinal zones, aims, and modes of gratification,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Jan. 23 1959, 76: 975-990
  Szasz, “Freud as a leader,” Antioch Review, Summer 1963, 23:133-144
  Roth, M. “Schizophrenia and the theories of Thomas Szasz,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1976, 129:317-326
  Szasz, “Szasz on schizophrenia,” (letter to the editor) British Journal of Psychiatry, May 1977, 130:520-524
  Freud, S, “Eine Kindheitserinnering des Leonardo da Vinci,” [Leonardo Da Vinci’s childhood memory) Gesammelte Werke, Bd. 8, Frankfurt:Fischer, 1945:127-211 (originally published in 1910)
  Szasz, “A critical analysis of some aspects of the libido theory: The concepts of libidinal zones, aims, and modes of gratification,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Jan. 23 1959, 76: 975-990
  ibid, 981
  Szasz, “Psycho-analytic training: a socio-psychological analysis of it history and present status,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Aug. 1958, 39:598-613; “Three problems in contemporary psychoanalytic training,” A.M.A. Archives of General Psychiatry, July 1960, 3:82-94; “The problem of privacy in training analysis: Selections from a questionnaire study of psychoanalytic practices and opinions,” Psychiatry, Aug. 1962, 25:195-207
  Szasz, “The problem of privacy in training analysis: Selections from a questionnaire study of psychoanalytic practices and opinions,” Psychiatry, Aug. 1962, 25:195-207
  Szasz, “Psycho-analytic training: a socio-psychological analysis of it history and present status,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Aug. 1958, 39:598-613
  Szasz, “Whither psychiatry?” Social Research 1966, 33:439-462
  ibid
  See, for example: Ridenour, N. Mental Health in the United States: a Fifty Year History, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1961; Ellenberger, H.F., “Psychiatry from Ancient to Modern Times,” In: Arieti S, ed. American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974, 3-27; Lewis, N.D.C., “American Psychiatry from its Beginnings to World War II,” In: Arieti S., ed., American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974, 28-42; Mora, G., “Recent Psychiatric Developments (since 1939),”Arieti S., ed., American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974, 43-114
  See, for example: Adams, H.B., “‘Mental illness’ or interpersonal behavior?” American Psychologist, 1964, 19:191-197; Allderidge, P., “Hospitals, madhouses, and asylums: Cycles in the care of the insane,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1979, 134:321-334; Harms, E., “Modern psychotherapy – 150 years ago,” Journal of Mental Science, 1957, 103:804-809; and “Historical considerations in the science of psychiatry,” Diseases of the Nervous System, 1957, 18:397-400; Mora, G., “Historical and Theoretical Trends in Psychiatry,” In: Kaplan H.I., Freedman A.M., Sadock, B.J., eds., Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry,/III, vol. I., Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1980, in particular page 92; Sederer, L., “Moral therapy and the problem of morale,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1977, 134:267-272
  Schoenenman, T.J., “Criticisms of the psychopathological interpretation of witch hunts: a review,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1982, 139:1028-1032
  Pearson, G., The Deviant Imagination, London: Macmillan, 1975
  Jones, K., “Society looks at the psychiatrist,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1978, 132:321-332
  Stone, A.A., “Psychiatry kills: A critical evaluation of Dr. Thomas Szasz,” Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 1973, 1:23-37
  Virchow, R., Die Cellularpathologie in ihrer Begründung auf physiologische und pathologische Gewebelehre, [Cell Pathology in Discussion of the Science of Tissue] Berlin, Hirschwald, 1858
  Ellenberger, H.F., “Psychiatry from Ancient to Modern Times,” In: Arieti S, ed. American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974, 3-27
  Temkin, O.K, “The Dependence of Medicine upon Basic Scientific Thought,” In: Brooks, C.M.C., Cranefield, P.F., eds., The Historical Development of Physiological Thought, New York: Hafner Publishers, 1959,  p 5-21
  See, for instance, Ellenberger, H.F., “Psychiatry from Ancient to Modern Times,” In: Arieti S, ed. American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974, p 11
  ibid
  Allderidge, P., “Hospitals, madhouses, and asylums: Cycles in the care of the insane,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1979, 134:321-334
  Beek, H.Y., De geestesgestoorde in de middeleeuwen, [The Mentally Disturbed in the Middle Ages]  Haarlem, de Toorts, Nijkerk, Callenbach, 1974; and Neaman, J.S., Suggestion of the Devil, Garden City, NY, Anchor Books, 1975
  Sarbin, T.R., “On the futility of the proposition that some people be labeled “mentally ill,” Journal of Consulting Psychology, 1967, 31:447-453
  Van Dijk, W.K., Demonen, wetenschap en medemens, [Demons, science, and fellow humans] Openingsrede tgv de ingebruikneming van het klinisch centrum van het psychiatrisch centrum “Het Groot Graffel,” [speech delivered on the occasion of the inauguration of a new psychiatric center] Warnsveld, 1980
  ibid, p 5, in translation from the original Dutch
  Ridenour, N. Mental Health in the United States: a Fifty Year History, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1961
  ibid; Foucault, M., Geschiedenis van de waanzin in de zeventiende eeuw [History of Madness in the Seventeenth Century), Meppel, Boom, 1975 (original from 1961); Ellenberger, H.F., “Psychiatry from Ancient to Modern Times,” In: Arieti S, ed. American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974
  Ridenour, N. Mental Health in the United States: a Fifty Year History, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1961 pp 11-12
  ibid; pp 133-134
  ibid, p 135
  APA Position Statement 1961, as quoted by Szasz in The Age of Madness, pp. 231.
  ibid
  Gersons, B.P.R., v.d. Grinten T., Schnabel, P., Geestelijke gezondheidszorg in de Verenigde Staten: verslag van een studiereis, [Mental Health Care in the United States] Utrecht: Nationaal Centrum Voor Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1980, NCGV-reeks 26
  ibid
 Ridenour, N. Mental Health in the United States: a Fifty Year History, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1961 p 70
  Mora, G., “Recent Psychiatric Developments (since 1939),”Arieti S., ed., American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974 p 94
  Ridenour, N. Mental Health in the United States: a Fifty Year History, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1961, p 94
  ibid, p 74
  ibid, p 80
  ibid, p 26
  ibid, p 107
  Mora, G., “Recent Psychiatric Developments (since 1939),”Arieti S., ed., American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974
  Ibid, and also: Gersons, B.P.R., v.d. Grinten T., Schnabel, P., Geestelijke gezondheidszorg in de Verenigde Staten: verslag van een studiereis, [Mental Health Care in the United States] Utrecht: Nationaal Centrum Voor Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1980, NCGV-reeks 26
  Szasz, “Whither psychiatry?” Social Research 1966, 33:439-462
  Hayek, The Counter-Revolution of Science, F.A. Glencoe, Ill, Free Press, 1952
  Szasz, “Whither psychiatry?” Social Research 1966, 33:446
  Davis, K., “Mental hygiene and the class structure,” Psychiatry, 1938, I:55-65
  Gross, M.L., De mythe van de psychotherapie, [The Myth of Psychotherapy] Rijswijk, Elmar 1980 (originally 1978)
  Lewis, N.D.C., “American Psychiatry from its Beginnings to World War II,” In: Arieti S., ed., American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974, 28-42
  Mora, G., “Historical and Theoretical Trends in Psychiatry,” In: Kaplan H.I., Freedman A.M., Sadock, B.J., eds., Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry,/III, vol. I., Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1980
  Szasz, “Whither psychiatry?” Social Research 1966, 33
  Ellenberger, H.F., “Psychiatry from Ancient to Modern Times,” In: Arieti S, ed. American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol. I. New York, Basic Books, 1974
  Cerrolaza, M., “The nebulous scope of current psychiatry,” Comprehensive Psychiatry, 1973, 14:299-309
  Rome, H.P., “Psychiatry and foreign affairs: the expanding competence of psychiatry,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 125:725-730
  Ridenour, N. Mental Health in the United States: a Fifty Year History, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1961, p 94
  Mora, G., “Historical and Theoretical Trends in Psychiatry,” In: Kaplan H.I., Freedman A.M., Sadock, B.J., eds., Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry,/III, vol. I., Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1980 p 92
  Reich, W., “Psychiatry’s Second Coming,” Psychiatry, 1982, 45:189-196
  Szasz, “Human nature and psychotherapy: A further contribution to the theory of autonomous psychotherapy,” Oct. 1962, Comprehensive Psychiatry, 3:273
  Ibid.
  Ibid.
  Hayek, The Road to Serfdom, Chicago, Phoenix, 1957 (orig. 1944); and Hayek, The Counter-Revolution of Science, F.A. Glencoe, Ill,: Free Press, 1952
 Szasz, “Human nature and psychotherapy: A further contribution to the theory of autonomous psychotherapy,” Oct. 1962, Comprehensive Psychiatry, 3:268-283
  Szasz, “The psychiatric will: A new mechanism for protecting persons against ‘psychosis’ and psychiatry,” American Psychologist, July 1982, 37:762-770
  Stüttgen, A., Kriterien einer Ideologiekritik, [Criteria for Ideological Criticsm] Mainz, Grünewald, 1972
  De Haen, Zorg in cijfers, [Care in figures] Utrecht: Nationaal Centrum voor Geestelijke Volksgezondheid 1980
  Stone, “Conceptual ambiguity and morality in modern psychiatry,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980; 137:887-894; and Robitscher, The Powers of Psychiatry, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980
  Foucault, M., Geschiedenis van de waanzin in de zeventiende en achttiende eeuw, Meppel, Boom, 1975 (original from 1961)
  Mitscherlich, A, & Mielke, F., Medizin ohne Menschlichkeit, (Medicine without Humanity) Frankfurt, Fischer, 1960 (original from 1949)
  Vaihinger, H., The Philosophy of “As If”, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1924 (original from 1911)
  Von Mises, Positivism, A Study in Human Understanding, Cambridge Mass: Harvard University Press, 1951; and Koningsveld, Het Verschijnsel Wetenschap, [The Science Phenomenon] Meppel: Boom 1976
  Langer, S.K., Philosophy in a New Key, Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1978 (original from 1942), p 28
  Popper, and Kegan, P., The Open Society and its Enemies, London, Routledge, 1952; Popper, “Philosophy of a science: A personal report, British philosophy in the mid-century,” London, Allen and Unwin, 1957: 155-191; Boon, “Karl Popper, Filosofen van de 20e eeuw,” Assen: van Gorcum, Amsterdam Intermediair, 1981, 235-246; Koningsveld, Het verschijnsel wetenschap, [The Science Phenomenon] Meppel:Boom, 1976
  Szasz, “Language and Pain,” In: American Handbook of Psychiatry, Vol. I., New York, Basic Books: 1959, 982-999
  for instance in Szasz, “Whither psychiatry?” Social Research 1966:439-462
  Hayek, The Counter-Revolution of Science, Glencoe, Ill,: Free Press, 1952
  Szasz, “Psychoanalysis and Medicine,” In: Levitt M, ed., Readings in Psychoanalytic Psychology, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts,1959, 76:355-374
  Szasz, “Language and Pain,” In: American Handbook of Psychiatry, Vol. I., New York, Basic Books: 1959, p. 983
  Szasz, “Human nature and psychotherapy: A further contribution to the theory of autonomous psychotherapy,” Oct. 1962, Comprehensive Psychiatry, 3:268-283
  Sander, “Some thoughts on Thomas Szasz,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1969; 125:429-431
  Szasz, “Language and Pain,” In: American Handbook of Psychiatry, Vol. I., New York, Basic Books: 1959, 982-99
  Szasz, “Malingering: ‘Diagnosis’ or social condemnation”? A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, Oct. 1956, 76:432-443; “The problem of psychiatric nosology: A contribution to a situational analysis of psychiatric operations,” American Journal of Psychiatry, Nov. 1957, 114:405-413; “The myth of psychotherapy,” American Journal of Psychotherapy, Oct. 1974, 28:517-526; “The myth of mental illness: Three addenda,” Jounal of Humanistic Psychology, Summer 1974, 14:11-19
  also, Szasz, “Anti-psychiatry: The paradigm of the plundered mind,” The New Review (London), 1976, 3:3-14
  Szasz, “The problem of privacy in training analysis: Selections from a questionnaire study of psychoanalytic practices and opinions,” Psychiatry, Aug. 1962, 25:195-207; and “A Questionnaire Study of Psychoanalytic Practices and Opinions,” (& R. Nemiroff) Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, Sept 1963 137:209-221
  Medisch Tuchtcollege, [Medical Ethics Board] 1980
  Van der Eyk, “Antipsychiater Szasz opent aanval op Nederlandse artsen,” [Antipsychiatrist Szasz opens attack on Dutch physicians] De Tijd, June 6, 1980, 5-7
  Arthur, “Social psychiatry: An overview,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1973; 130:841-849
  Leifer, In the Name of Mental Health, New York, Science House, 1969, and Leifer, “The Medical Model as Ideaology,” International Journal of Psychiatry, 1970, 9:13-21
  Szasz, “Straight talk from Thomas Szasz,” An interview in Reason, Oct. 1974, 6:4-13
  Grenander, M.E., “Thomas Szasz and the Right to choose,” Civil Liberties Review, 1975, 2:130-140
  Foudraine, J., Voorwoord bij de Nederlansdse uitgave, (Foreword in the Dutch edition), In: Szasz, T.S., De waan van de waanzin, (The Delusion of Madness) Bilthoven, Ambo, 1970:7-10
  Weihofen, H., “Mind Tapping,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1963, 119:899-900
  Cohen, S., “A Commentary on ‘The Ethics of Addiction,’” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1971, 128:547-550
  Perelman, C., Logica en argumentatie, Baarn, Ambo, 1979 (originally from 1977)
  Stone, A.A., “Psychiatry kills: A critical evaluation of Dr. Thomas Szasz,” Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 1973, 1:23-37
  Grenander, M.E., “Toward the Therapeutic State?” Nation, 1975, 220:121-123
  Grenander, M.E., “Thomas Szasz and the Right to choose,” Civil Liberties Review, 1975, 2:130-140
  Szasz, “Mind Tapping,” (letters), American Journal of Psychiatry, March 1963, 119:900
  Stone, A.A., “Psychiatry kills: A critical evaluation of Dr. Thomas Szasz,” Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 1973, 1:23-37
  Guttmacher, M.S., “Critique of views of Thomas Szasz on legal psychiatry,” Archives of General Psychiatry, 1964, 10:238-245
  Szasz, “Mind Tapping,” (letters), American Journal of Psychiatry, March 1963, 119:900
  See also: Slovenko, R., “The Psychiatric Patient, Liberty and the Law,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1964, 121:534-539
  Davidson, H.A., “The New War on Psychiatry,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1964, 121:528-534; Guttmacher, M.S., “Critique of views of Thomas Szasz on legal psychiatry,” Archives of General Psychiatry, 1964, 10:238-245; Masserman, J.H., “Is Mental Illness a Medico-Social ‘Myth’?,” Archives of General Psychiatry, 1963, 9:175-178; Thorne, F.C., “An Analysis of Szasz’s ‘Myth of Mental Illnes’,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1966, 123:652-656; Turkel, S.S., “What Psychiatry Can Do,” Harper’s Magazine, 1964, 228:96-98; Sedgwick, P., “Mental Illness is Illness,” Salmagundi, 1972, 20:196-224, and Psycho Politics, London, Pluto, 1982
  Guttmacher, , M.S., “Critique of views of Thomas Szasz on legal psychiatry,” Archives of General Psychiatry, 1964, 10:238-245
  Szasz, “Szasz on schizophrenia,” (letter to the editor) British Journal of Psychiatry, May 1977, 130:520-521
  Jones, K., “Scull’s Dilemma,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1982, 141:221-226
  See also: Morrisson, A.P., “Review of ‘The Myth of Psychotherapy’,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1979, 136:133
  Szasz, “Psychoanalysis and Medicine,” In: Levitt M, ed., Readings in Psychoanalytic Psychology, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts,1959, p 366
  Bloch, S., “Review of ‘The Myth of Psychotherapy’,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 136:101
  Perelman, C., Logica en argumentatie, Baarn, Ambo, 1979 (originally from 1977), p. 119
  Ibid, p 114
  Szasz, “A critical analysis of the fundamental concepts of psychical research,” Psychiatric Quarterly, 1957, 31: 99-108
  Szasz, “Psycho-analytic training: a socio-psychological analysis of it history and present status,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Aug. 1958, 39:598-613
  First published as Szasz, “Moral conflict and psychiatry,” Yale Review, June 1960, 49:555-566
  Verbeek, E., Psychiatrie in holle en bolle spiegels, Nijkerk, Callenbach, 1975, p 57
  Szasz, “Three problems in contemporary psychoanalytic training,” A.M.A. Archives of General Psychiatry, July 1960, 3:82-94
  Stone, A.A., “Psychiatry kills: A critical evaluation of Dr. Thomas Szasz,” Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 1973, 1:23-37
  Guttmacher, , M.S., “Critique of views of Thomas Szasz on legal psychiatry,” Archives of General Psychiatry, 1964, 10:238-245
 Clare, A., Psychiatry in Dissent: Controversial Issues in Thought and Practice, London, Tavistock, 1976
  Szasz, “The ethics of addiction,” American Journal of Psychiatry, Nov. 1971, 128:541-556
  Cohen, S., “A Commentary on ‘The Ethics of Addiction,’” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1971, 128:547-550
  Szasz, “The ethics of addiction,” Harper’s Magazine, April 1972, 244:74-79
  Keers, C., Argumentatie, Alphen aan de Rijn, Samsom, 1974
  See also: Perl, M., & Gardner, E.R., “Thomas Szasz Confronts Freud: Psychoanalysis as Argumentum Ad Hominem,” In Grenander, M.E., ed., Proceedings Asclepius at Syracuse: Thomas Szasz, Libertarian Humanist, Albany, State University New York, 1980, 200-208
  Moss, G.R., & Szasz: “Review and Criticism,” Psychiatry, 1968, 31:185-194
  Szasz, “The ethics of addiction,” American Journal of Psychiatry, Nov. 1971, 128:544
  Szasz, “On the theory of psycho-analytic treatment” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1957, 38:166-182
  Glaser, F.B., “The Dichotomy Game: a Further Consideration of the Writings of Dr. Thomas Szasz,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1965, 121:1069-1074
  Stone, A.A., “Psychiatry kills: A critical evaluation of Dr. Thomas Szasz,” Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 1973, 1:23-37
  see also: Roth, M. “Schizophrenia and the theories of Thomas Szasz,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1976, 129:317-326
  Szasz, “The concept of mental illness: Explanation or justification?” In: Engelhardt Jr., H.T., & Spicker, S.F., eds., Mental Health: Philosophical Perspectives, Dordrecht, Reidel, 1977, 235-250
  Brody, B., “Szasz on mental illness,” in: Engelhardt Jr., & H.T., Spicker, S.F., eds., Mental Health: Philosophical Perspectives, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1977:251-257
  Szasz, “Psycho-analytic training: a socio-psychological analysis of it history and present status,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Aug. 1958, 39:609
  Szasz, “The myth of mental illness: Three addenda,” Jounal of Humanistic Psychology, Summer 1974, 14:11-19
  Perelman, C., Logica en argumentatie, Baarn, Ambo, 1979 (originally from 1977)
  Kuiper, P.C., De mens en zijn verhaal,[Man and his story] Amsterdam, Polak en Van Gennep, 1976, p 37, in translation
  Fromm, E., Marx, Freud, en de vrijheid, Utrecht, Bijleveld, 1978 (original from 1963), p 91
  Ibid., p 102
  See, for instance, Begelman, D.A., “Two Criticisms of the Mental Illness Concept,” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1965, 141:598-604; and “Misnaming, Metaphors, the Medical Model, and Some Muddles,” Psychiatry 1971, 34:38-58
  Reiss, S., “A critique of Thomas S. Szasz’s ‘Myth of Mental Illness’,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1972, 128:1081-1085
  Szasz, “Moral conflict and psychiatry,” Yale Review, June 1960, 49:564
  Szasz, 1966, reference missing
  Szasz, “‘R.F.K. Must Die!’” New York Times Book Review, Nov. 15 1970, pp 8 & 74
  See for instance: Ullman, L.P., & Krasner, L., editors, Case Studies in Behavior Modification, New York, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1965:1-63
  Szasz, “Behavior therapy: A critical review of the moral dimension of behavior modification,” Journal of Behavior Therapy and Psychiatry, 1978, 9:133-134
  Szasz, “Legal and Moral Aspects of Homosexuality”, in Marmor, J., ed., Sexual Inversion: The Multiple Roots of Homosexuality, New York, Basic Books, 1965, 124-139
  “Task Force on Nomenclature and Statistics,” Chairperson Spitzer, R.L., Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) 3rd edition, Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1980
  Szasz, “Schizophrenia –A category error”, Trends in NeuroSciences, July 1978, 1:26-28
  Stone, A.A., “Psychiatry kills: A critical evaluation of Dr. Thomas Szasz,” Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 1973, 1:23-37
  Szasz, “Back wards to back streets,” TV-Guide, May 17-23, 1980, pp 32-36
  Szasz, “A note on psychiatric rhetoric,” American Journal of Psychiatry, June 1965, 121:1192-1193
  See for instance Cassimatis, E., Mental Health Viewed as an Ideal, Psychiatry, 1979, 42:241-54
  Hoffman, M., Philosophical Aspects of “Mental Disease”, Australian New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 1978, 12:29-33
  Begelman, D.A., Misnaming, Metaphors, the Medical Model, and Some Muddles, Psychiatry 1971, 34:38-58
  Bremer, G.J., Drie medische modellen, Huisarts en Wetenschap, 1972, 15:418-24
  Leenen, H.J.J., & Roscam Abbin, E.W., Modellenstrijd in de gezondheidszorg, Tijdschrift Sociale Geneeskunde, 1974, 52:2-6
  Fischer, A.A., Psychiatrische denkramen: inzicht en uitzicht, Nijmegen: Brakkenstein, 1980, speech
  Kellert, S.R., A Sociocultural Concept of Health and Illness, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1976, 1:222-8
  Baron, R.J., Bridging Clinical Distance: An Empathic Rediscovery of the Known, Journals of Medical Philosophy, 1981, 6:5-23
  Taylor, F.K., A Logical Analysis of the Medico-Psychological Concept of Disease, I, II, Psychological Medicine, 1971, I356-64, 1972, 2:7-16
  Engelhardt Jr., H.T., Explanatory Models in Medicine: facts, theories, and Values, Texas Rep. Biological Medicine, 1974, 32:225-39, and Ideology and Etiology, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1976, 1:256-68; and King, L.S., What is Disease? Philosophical Science, 1954, 21:193-3203
  Van Dijk, W.K., Psychoterapie en medische discipline, Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie, 1976, 2:111-24
  Taylor, F.K., A Logical Analysis of the Medico-Psychological Concept of Disease, I, II, Psychological Medicine, 1971, I356-64, 1972, 2:7-16
  ibid
  Fabrega Jr., H. Concepts of Disease: Logical Features and Social Implications, Perspective Biological Medicine, 1972, 15:583-616
  see also: Agich, G.J., Professionalism and Ethics in Health Care, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1980, 5:186-99
  see also: Van Dijk, W.K., Het medisch model in sociale context, in: Rümke, C., Boek, P.E., Van Dijk, W.K., red., Van kinderanalyse tot Y-chromosoom, Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1973:9-26
  Szasz, Review of: Lindesmith, A.R., The Addict and the Law, Bloominton, Ind., Indiana University Press, 1965, Reprinted in International Journal of Addiction, 1966, 1:150-5
  Parsons, T., The Social System, London, Tavistock 1952, 428-79
  Taylor, F.K., A Logical Analysis of the Medico-Psychological Concept of Disease, I, II, Psychological Medicine, 1971, I356-64, 1972, 2:7-16
 Kendell, R.E., The Concept of Disease and its Implications for Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1975, 127:305-15
  Redlich, F.C., Editorial Reflections on the Concepts of Health and Disease, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1976, 1:269-80
  De Jonghe, F., Hoe medisch is de psychiatrie? [How medical is psychiatry?], Alphen a/d Rijn, Samson, 1981, Speech
  Scadding, j.G., Diagnosis: The Clinician and the Computer, Lancet, 1967, 2:877-82
  Kendell, R.E., The Concept of Disease and its Implications for Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1975, 127:305-15
  Trimbos, C.J.B.J, Psychotherapie en het ziektemodel, in: Cassee, A.P., Petrie, J.F., Sanders, C., red., Psychotherapie en mensvisie, Deventer, Van Loghum Slaterus, 1978, 82-103; and Van Dijk, W.K., Het medisch model in sociale context, in: Rümke, C., Boek, P.E., Van Dijk, W.K., red., Van kinderanalyse tot Y-chromosoom, Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1973:9-26, Van Dijk, W.K., Psychoterapie en medische discipline, Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie, 1976, 2:111-24, and Medisch model en alcoholisme, Tijdschrift Alcfohold en Drugs 1976, 2:125-30
  Rather, L.J., The Disease Entity, Stanford medical Bulletin, 1961, 19:142-5
  Cohen, H., The Evolution of the Concept of Disease, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1955, 48:155-60
  De Jonghe, F., Hoe medisch is de psychiatrie? [How medical is psychiatry?], Alphen a/d Rijn, Samson, 1981, Speech
  Virchow, R., Ueber die Standpunkte der wissenschaftlichen Medicin, Arch. Pathol. Aant. Physiol. Klin, Med., 1847, 1:3-19
  Cohen, H., The Evolution of the Concept of Disease, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1955, 48: p 160
  Fabrega Jr., H., & Manning, P.K., An Integrated Theory of Disease, Ladino-Mestizo Views of Disease in the Chiapas Highlands, Psychosomatic Medicine, 1973, 35:223-39; and Rooymans, H.G.M., Oordeel en vooroordeel in psychiatrische diagnostiek [Judgment and Prejudice in Psychiatric Diagnoses], Groningen, Van Denderen, 1969
  King, L.S., What is Disease? Philosophical Science, 1954, 21:193-3203
  See also: Wing, J.K., Reasoning About Madness, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1978
  Sedgwick, P., Mental Illness is Illness, Salmagundi, 1972, 20:196-224
  Van Dijk, W.K., Het medisch model in sociale context, in: Rümke, C., Boek, P.E., Van Dijk, W.K., red., Van kinderanalyse tot Y-chromosoom, Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1973:9-26, and Is alcoholisme een ziekte? [Is alcoholism a disease?], in: Querido, A., Roos, J., eds, Controversen in de geneeskunde, deelII, Utrecht, Bunge, 1980, 72-87; Kuiper, J.P., Mensopvatting en gezondheidszorg [Man and health care], Assen, Van Gorcum, 1980; Gordon, J.S., Holistic Medicine: toward a new medical model, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1981, 42:114-119
  Hinkle, L.E., Ecological Observations of the Relation of Physical Illness, Mental Illness, and the Social Environment, Psychosomatic Medicine, 1961, 23:289-96; Hinle, L.E., Whitney, L.H., Lehman, E.W., et al., Occupation, Education, and Coronary Heart Disease, Science, 1968, 161:238-46; and Wolff, H.G., A Concept of Disease in Man, Psychosomatic Medicine, 1962, 24:25-30
  Von Bertalanffy, L, The Mind-Body Problem, A New View, Psychosomatic Medicine, 1964, 26:29-45 and General System Theory and Psychiatry, In: Arieti S., ed., American Handbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., vol I., New York:, Basic Books, 1974, 1095-117; Milders, C.F.A., De systeemtheorie van Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Zuidlaren: Interne publicatie, “Dennenoord,” 1982
  Engel, G.L, A Unified Concept of Health and Disease, Perspective Biological Medicine, 1960, 3:459-85, and The Clinical Application of the Biopsychosocial Model, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137:535-44
  Lipowski, Z.J., Holistic-Medical Foundations of American Psychiatry, A Bicentennial, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 138:888-95
  Lit, A.C., Nieuwe Psychiatrie, Leiden, Stenfert Kroese, 1978
  Milders, C.F.A., De systeemtheorie van Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Zuidlaren: Interne publicatie, “Dennenoord,” 1982
  Van Tilburg, W., & Keuning D., Systeembenadering en klinische psychiatrie, Tijdschrift Psychiatrie, 1976, 18:471-82, and Van Tilburg, W., Systeemdenken en psychiatrie, In:Geerlings, P.G., Van Es, J. C., Joostens, J.V., Mandema, E., eds, Het medisch jaar 1980, Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema en Holkema, 1980, 303-17
  Neill, J.R., Adolf Meyer and American Psychiatry Today, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137:460-4
  Scheflen, A.E., Levels of Schizophrenia, New York, Brunner/Mazel, 1981
  Boyle, J., & Morris, J., The Crisis in Medicine: Models, Myths, and Metaphors, (Reprinted in Reflexions, 1981, 16:14-27 (originally published in 1979)
  see also: Jaspers, K., Allgemeine Psychopathologie, 9. Aufl. Berlin: springer, 1973 (originally published in 1923)
  Van Nieuwenhuizen, C.L.C., Afscheid van Centraal College, Medisch Contact, 1981, 36:51-2
  Van Praag, H.M., Concern About Neuroses, In: Van Praag, H.M., ed., Research in Neurosis, Utrecht, Bohn, Scheltema, en Holkema, 1976:1-4
  See also: Akiskal, H.S., McKinney, W.T., Psychiatry and Pseudopsychiatry, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1973, 28:367-73
  Kraus, G. Leerboek der psychiatrie, Leiden, Stenfert Kroese, 1957
  Jaspers, K., Allgemeine Psychopathologie, 9. Aufl. Berlin: springer, 1973 (originally published in 1923) p 652
  see also: Fabrega, Jr. H., The Position of Psychiatry in the Understanding of Human Disease, Archives of Gernal Psychiatry, 1975, 32:1500-12
  Feinstein, A.R., Taxonomy and Logic in Clinical Data, Ann NY Academy of Science, 1969, 161:450-9
  Querido, A., Inleiding tot een integrale geneeskunde, Leiden, Stenfert Kroese, 1955
  Van den Berg, J.H., Medische macht en medische ethiek, Nijkerk, Callenbach, 1969
  Illich, I., Het medische bedrijf – een bedreiging voor de gezondheid, Baarn, Wereldvenster, 1975 (original published in 1974)
  see also: Wootton, B., Psychiatry, Ethics, and the Criminal Law, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 136:525-32; and Albee, G.W., Models, Myths, and Manpower, Mental Hygiene, 1968, 52:168-80
  Szasz, Some Observations on the Relationship Between Psychiatry and the Law, Archives of Neurological Psychiatry, 1956, 75:p 304
  Siegler, M., & Osmond, H., Models of Madness, Models of Medicine, New York, MacMillan Collier, London, MacMillan, 1974
  see also: Redlich, F.C., Editorial Reflections on the Concepts of Health and Disease, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1976, 1:269-80
  Grenander, M.E., The Fourfold Way: Determinism, Moral Responsibility, and Aristotelean Causation, Metamedicine, 1982, 3:375-96
  Sedgwick, P., Mental Illness is Illness, Salmagundi, 1972, 20:196-224
  Van Praag, H.M., De betekenis van biologische facoren bij de diagnostiek van depressies, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1982, 24:201-27
  Boenders, F., Denken in Tweespraak, Gesprek met Thomas S. Szasz, [Interview with Szasz] Amsterdam, De Bezige Bij, 1978, 117-40
   see for instance: Mooy, A., Heeft het zin om te spreken van een interactie tussen psychische en somatische factoren? Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1979, 21:373-80
  Van Dijk, W.K., Het medisch model in sociale context, in: Rümke, C., Boek, P.E., Van Dijk, W.K., red., Van kinderanalyse tot Y-chromosoom, Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1973:9-26
  ibid
  Murphy, T., Differential diagnosis and Mental Illness, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1982, 7:327-35
  Fabrega Jr., H., & Manning, P.K., An Integrated Theory of Disease, Ladino-Mestizo Views of Disease in the Chiapas Highlands, Psychosomatic Medicine, 1973
  Trimbos, C.J.B.J., Nogmaals het ‘medisch model’ in de psychiatrie [Again the “medical model” in psychiatry], Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1971, 26:311-24; and Foudraine, M., Wie is van hout? [Who is made of wood?] Bilthoven, Ambo, 1971
  Engle, R.L., & Davis, B.J., Medical Diagnosis: Present, Past, Future, I. Present Concepts of the Meaning and Limitations of Medical Diagnosis, Archives of International Medicine, 1963, 112:512-9
  Kendell, R.E., The Role of Diagnosis In Psychiatry, Oxford, Blackwell, 1975
  Scadding, J.G., Diagnosis: the Clinician and the Computer, Lancet, 1967, 2:877-82
  Cochrane, A.L., & Garland, L.H., Observer Error in the Interpretation of Chest Films, Lancet, 1952, 2:505-9
  Davies, L.G., Observer Variation in Reports on Electrocardiograms, British Heart Journal, 1958, 20:153-61
  Garland, L.H., The Problem of Observer Error, Bull, NY, Academy of Medicine, 1960, 36:570-84
  Engle, R.L., & Davis, B.J., Medical Diagnosis: Present, Past, Future, I. Present Concepts of the Meaning and Limitations of Medical Diagnosis, Archives of International Medicine, 1963, 112:512-9
  Pies, R., On Myths and Countermyths, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1979, 26:139-44
  see Spitzer, R.L., More on Pseudoscienece in Science and the Case for Psychiatric Diagnosis, Archives of General Psycjhiatry, 1976, 33z:459-70
  Reiser, S.J., The Decline of the Clinical Dialogue, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1978, 3:305-13
  Engel, G.L, A Unified Concept of Health and Disease, Perspective Biological Medicine, 1960
  Feinstein, A.R., Taxonomy and Logic in Clinical Data, Ann NY Academy of Science, 1969, 161:450-9
  Steffelaar, J.W., Analyse Van een doorlopende reeks obducties: een bijdrage aan de kwaliteitsverbetering van het medisch handelen?, Nederlandse Tijdschrift voor de Geneeskunde, 1979, 123:1891-905
  Prutting, J., Autopsies – Benefits for Clinicians, American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 1978, 69:223-5
  Sanders, B.S., Completeness and Reliability of Diagnoses in Therapeutic Practice, Journal of Health and Human Behavior, 1964, 5:84-94
  Zubin as quoted by Kendell, R.E., The Role of Diagnosis In Psychiatry, Oxford, Blackwell, 1975
  ibid, and Kendell, R.E., Uses and Abuses of Diagnosis, In: Dongier, M., & Wittkower, E.D., editors, Divergent Views in Psychiatry, New York: Harper and Row, 1981:1-22
  Kreitman, N., Sainsbury, P., Morrissey., J., Towers, J., & Scrivener, J., The Reliability of Psychiatric Assessment: An Analysis, Journal of Mental Science, 1961, 107:887-908
  for instance, Spitzer, R.L, & Endicott., J., Psychiatric Rating Scales, In: Freedman, A.M., Kaplan, H.I., & Sadock, B.J., editors, Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry/II., Baltimore:, Williams and Wilkins, 1975, 2015-31; or the Present State Examination as developed by Wing et al, for which see for instance Pen, A., Arrindell, W.A., Lawant, W., & Pols, J., De betrouwbaarheid van de “Present State Examination”, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1977, 19:375-88; Feighner, J.P., Robins, E., Guze, S.B., Woodruff, R.A., Winokur, G., & Munoz, R., Diagnostic Criteria for Use in Psychiatric Research, Archives of General Psychiary, 1972, 26:57-63; and Sloof, C.J., Mulder-Hajonides van der Meulen, W.R.E.H., & Van der Hoofdakker, R.H., De Nederlandse vertaling van de Present State Examination 9th edition, I. Betrouwbaarheidsaspectien, II. De relatie tussen CATEGO-klassen en categorieën van de “International Classification of Diseases”, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1983, 25:151-63, 280-9
  Toulmin, S., Agent and Patient in Psychiatry, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1980, 3:267-78
  Rooymans, H.G.M., Oordeel en vooroordeel in psychiatrische diagnostiek [Judgment and Prejudice in Psychiatric Diagnoses], Groningen, Van Denderen, 1969
  Kendell, R.E., The Role of Diagnosis In Psychiatry, Oxford, Blackwell, 1975. p 35
  Kendell, R.E., Uses and Abuses of Diagnosis, In: Dongier, M., & Wittkower, E.D., editors, Divergent Views in Psychiatry, New York: Harper and Row, 1981:1-22
  Bakker, J.B., Het psychiatrisch prognostisch ordeel, Baarn, Bakker, 1980
  Kendell, R.E., Uses and Abuses of Diagnosis, In: Dongier, M., & Wittkower, E.D., editors, Divergent Views in Psychiatry, New York: Harper and Row, 1981:1-22; and Grinker, R.R., The Inadequacies of Contemporary Psychjiatric Diagnosis, In: Rakoff, V.M., Stancer, H.C., & Kedward, H.B., editors, Psychiatric Diagnosis, New York, Brunner/Mazel, 1977, 69-83
  Fabrega Jr., H. Concepts of Disease: Logical Features and Social Implications, Perspective Biological Medicine, 1972, 15:583-616
  see also Kellert, S.R., A Sociocultural Concept of Health and Illness, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1976, 1:222-8
  Cheng, L., & Hummel, L., The Münchausen Syndrome as a Psychiatric Condition, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1978, 113:20-1; Carney, M.W.P., Artefactual Illness to Atract Medical Attention, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 136:542-7; Black, D., the Extended Munchausen Syndrome: A Family Case, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 138:466-9; Enoch, M.D., & Trethowan, W.H., Uncommon Psychiatric Syndromes, 2nd edition, Bristol, Wright, 1979
  Spitzer, R.L., More on Pseudoscienece in Science and the Case for Psychiatric Diagnosis, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1976, 33z:459-70
  Bakwin, H., Pseudodoxia Pediatrica, New England Journal of Medicine, 1945, 232:691-7
  Rosenhan, D.L., On Being Sane in Insane Places, Science, 1973, 179:250-8; and The Contextural Nature of Psychiatric Diagnosis, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1975, 84:462-74; see also: Spitzer, R.L., More on Pseudoscienece in Science and the Case for Psychiatric Diagnosis, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1976, 33z:459-70
  Temerlin, M.K., Suggestion Effects in Psychiatric Diagnosis, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders, 1968, 147:349-53; see also, Langer, E.J., & Abelson, R.P., A Patient by Any Other Name…: Clinician Group Difference in Labeling Bias, Journal of Consultant Clinical Psychology, 1974, 42:4-9
  Kendell, R.E., Psychiatric Diagnosis in Britain and the United States, British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 1971, 6:147-55
  see, for instance, Bland, R.C., & Orn, H, Schizophrenia: Schneider’s First-Rank Symptoms and Outcome, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137:63-8
  Rümke, H.C., Een bloeiende psychiatrie in gevaar [Thriving psychiatry endangered], In: Derde bundel studies en voordrachten over psychiatrie, Amsterdam, Scheltema en Holkema, 1958, 11-30
  Van Dijk, W.K., Eenheid en eigenheid van de psychiatrie, In: Mooy, A.W.M., & Procee, H.., editors, Aspecten van de psychiatrie, Baarn, Ambo, 1980, 18-34
  Rooymans, H.G.M., Alternatieve psychiatrie, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1972, 14, 389-408
  see also: Kendell, R.E., Uses and Abuses of Diagnosis, In: Dongier, M., & Wittkower, E.D., editors, Divergent Views in Psychiatry, New York: Harper and Row, 1981:1-22
  see also: Schoenfeld, C.G., An Analysis of the Views of Thomas S. Szasz, Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 1976, 4:245-263
  World Health Organization, Schizophrenia: A Mulitnational Study, Geneva, WHO, 1975, Public Health Papers 63
  Szasz, The Myth of Mental Illness, American Psychology, 1960, 15:113-8, p 113
  Kuypers, K., editor, Encyclopedie van de filosofie [Philosophical Encyclopedia], 1977, 32, 1162-4
  ibid
  Parsons, T., Illness and the Role of the Physician: a Sociological Perspective, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1951, 21:452-60; and The Social System, London, Tavistock 1952, 428-79
  Siegler, M., & Osmond, H., Models of Madness, Models of Medicine, New Your, MacMillan Collier, London, MacMillan, 1974
  Fetterman, J.L., Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Industrial Accidents, Industrial Medicine, 1946, 15:96-101; and Hirschfeld, A.H., & Behan, R.C., The Accident Process – and Overview, Journal of Rehabilitation, 1967, 33:27-31
  Malleson, A., De ziekte-industrie [The Disease Industry], Utrect, Spectrum, 1974
  De Jonghe, F., Hoe medisch is de psychiatrie? [How Medical is Psychiatry?], Alphen aan de Rijn, Samson, 1981, Oratie [speech]
  Zola, I.K., Medicine as an Institution of Social Control, Sociology Review, 1972, 20:p 492
  Trimbos, C.J.B.J., Alcoholisme, een riskante vorm van deviant gedrag,[Alcoholism, a Risky form of Behavior] in : Querida, A., & Roos., J., editors, Controversen in de Geneeskunde [Controversies in Medicine], deel II, Utrecht, Bunge, 1980, 60-71
  Moore, M.S., Some Myths About “Mental Illness,” Archives of General Psychiatry, 1975, 32: 148-97; and Mental Illness and Responsibility, Bull Menninger Clinic, 1975, 39:308-23 (discussion 323-8)
  See also Wartofsky, M.W., The Dialectics of Rationality: The Historicity of Norms in Psychiatry and the Law, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1980, 3:279-93
  Edwards, R.B., Mental Health as Rational Autonomy, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1981, 6:309-22
  Mischel, T., Concerning Rational Behavior and Psychoanalytic Explanation, Mind, 1965, 74:71-9
  Weinberg, L.S., & Vatz, R.E., The Mental Illness Dispute: The Critical Faith Assumptions, Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 1981, 9:305-11
  Kuiper, P.C., Psychoanalyse, actueel of verouderd? [Psychoanalysis, Useful or Obsolete?], Deventer, Van Loghum Stlaterus, 1973
  Mullane, H., Psychoanalytic Explanation and Rationality, Journal of Philosophy, 1971, 78:413-26
  Wartofsky, M.W., The Dialectics of Rationality: The Historicity of Norms in Psychiatry and the Law, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1980, 3:279-93
  Rooymans, H.G.M., Oordeel en vooroordeel in psychiatrische diagnostiek [Judgment and Prejudice in Psychiatric Diagnoses], Groningen, Van Denderen, 1969
  Van Nieuwenhuizen, C.L.C., Afscheid van Centraal College, Medisch Contact, 1981, 36:51-2
  Von Bertalanffy, L, The Mind-Body Problem, A New View, Psychosomatic Medicine, 1964, 26:29-45
  Foucault, M., Geschiedenis van de waanzin in de zeventiende eeuw [History of Madness in the Seventeenth Century), Meppel, Boom, 1975 (original from 1961)
  Kubie, L.S., The Myths of Thomas Szasz, Bull Menninger Clinic, 1974, 38:497-502
  Furlong, F.W., The New Psychotherapies: The Courage to Be, Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 1977, 22:207-14
  Van Dijk, W.K., Het medisch model in sociale context, in: Rümke, C., Boek, P.E., Van Dijk, W.K., red., Van kinderanalyse tot Y-chromosoom, Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1973:9-26
  Townsend, J.M., Stereotypes of Mental Illness: A Comparison with Ethnic Stereotypes, Cultural Medical Psychiatry, 1979, 3:205-29
  Immergluck, L., Determinism – Freedom in Contemporary Psychology: An Ancient Problem Revisited, American Psychology, 1964, 19:270-81; see also: Roth, M., Psychiatry and its Critics, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1973, 122:373-8
  Furlong, F.W., Determinism and Free Will: Review of the Literature, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 138:435-9
  see also: Ullman, L.P., Behavior Therapy as a Social Movement, in: Franks, C.M., editor, Behavior Therapy: Appraisal and Status, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1969, 495-523
  Kendell, R.E., The Concept of Disease and its Implications for Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1975, 127:305-15
  Kuhn, T.S., The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd edition, Chicago,  University of Chicago Press, 1970 (originally published in 1962)
  Bockel, C., & Dietrich, B., Psychologische Aspekte de Krankenverhaltens bei psychisch Kranken, Medische Psychologie, 1979, 5:107-23
  Van den Hoofdakker, R.H., Antipsychiatrie, in: Gerlings, P.G., Birkenhäger, W.H., Van Es, & J.C., Joosseens, J.V., editors, Het medisch jaar 1978, Utrecht, Bohn Scheltema Holkema, 1978, 268-81
  Engel, G.A., The Clinical Application of the Biopsychosocial Model, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137-535-44
  Duistermaat, J.H., Leven met kanker [Living With Cancer], Medisch Contact, 1981, 36:307-10
  Szasz, Mental Illness is a Myth, New York Times Magazine, June 12, 1966, 90-92
  Blaney, P.H., Implications of the Medical Model and its Alternatives, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1975, 132:911-4
  Mahler, H., Health –  A Demystification of Medical Technology, Lancet, 1975, 2:829-33
  Trimbos, C.J.B.J., Integrale geneeskunde (nà 20 jaar) [Integral Medicine (after 20 years)], Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1976, 31:64-72
  Szasz, Psychoanalysis and Medicine, in Levitt, M., ed., Readings in Psychoanalytic Psychology, New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1959
  Querido, A., Inleiding tot een integrale geneeskunde, Leiden, Stenfert Kroese, 1955
  Zola, I.K., Medicine as an Institution of Social Control, Sociology Review, 1972, p 487)
  Illich, I., Het medische bedrijf – een bedreiging voor de gezondheid, Baarn, Wereldvenster, 1975 (original published in 1974)
  Kendell, R.E., The Concept of Disease and its Implications for Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1975, 127:305-15
  Grauenkamp, F.J., Wie behandelt hyperventilatie? [Who Treats Hyperventilation?], Medisch Contact, 1981, 36:45-7
  Du Mas, F.M., Medical, Nonmedical, or Antimedical Models for Mental Health Centers?, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1974, 131:875-8
  Ribner, D.S., Psychiatrists and Communikty Mental Health: Current Issures and Trends, Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 1980, 31:338-41
  Roman, P.M., Alternatives to the Medicalization of Deviant Behavior, Psychiatry, 1980, 43:168-74
  Berlin, R.M., Kales, J.D., Humphrey, F.J., &Kales, A., The Patient Care Crisis in Community Mental Health Centers: A Need for More Psychiatric Involvement, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 138:450-4
  Sarason, I.G., & Ganzer, V.J., Concerning the Medical Model, American Psychology, 1968, 23:507-10
  Pols, J., Enkele gedachten over de opleiding to psychiater in Nederland [Some Thoughts about Psychiatric Training in the Netherlands], Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie, 1977, 19:38-54
  Freidson, E., Profession of Medicine, New York, Dodd, Mead, 1971
  ibid, p 205
  see also: Dunning, A.J., Broeder Ezel: beschouwingen over het onvermogen in de geneeskunde [Brother Mule, viewing powerlessness in medicine], Amsterdam, Fmeulenhoff, Utrecht, Bunge, 1981
  Szasz, Psychoanalysis and Medicine, in Levitt, M., ed., Readings in Psychoanalytic Psychology, New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1959
  Eisenberg, L., The Future of Psychiatry, Lancet, 1973, 2, 1371-5; and Delineation of Clinical Conditions: Conceptual Models of ‘Physical’ and ‘Mental’ Disorders, in: Research and Medical Practice: Their Interaction, Ciba Foundation Symposium 44 (new series), Amsterdam, Elsevier, 1976, 3-15 (discussion 15-23); see also: Pols, J., Een somatopsychisch dilemma, Nederlandse Tijdschrift voor de Geneeskunde, 1973, 117:1204-8; Bockel, C., & Dietrich, B., Psychologische Aspekte de Krankenverhaltens bei psychisch Kranken, Medische Psychologie, 1979, 5:107-23; and Beitman, B.D., Williamson, P. Featherstone, H., and Katon, W., Resistance to Physician Use of the Biopsychosocial model, General Hospital Psychiatry, 1982, 4:81-3
  Van Es., J.C., &  De Melker, R.A., Wat voor gezondheidszorg willen wij? [What Kind of Health Care Do We Want?], Medisch Contact, 1978, 33:961-5
  Miller, A., Het drama van het begaafde kind: een studie over het narcisme [the drama of the gifted child], Bussum: Wereldvenster, 1981 (originally published in 1979)
  Roth, M., Psychiatry and its Critics, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1973, 122:373-8
  Rümke, H.C., Een bloeiende psychiatrie in gevaar, In: Derde bundel studies en voordrachten over psychiatrie, Amsterdam, Scheltema en Holkema, 1958, 11-30
  Kuypers, K., editor, Encyclopedie van de filosofie [Philosophical Encyclopedia], 1977, 32, 1162-4
  See also: Bateson, G., Steps to an Ecology of Mind, New York, Ballantine Books, 1972
  Furlong, F.W., Determinism and Free Will: Review of the Literature, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 138:435-9
  Taylor, F.K., Prkaletic mMeasures Derived from Psychoananlytic Technique, Brittish Journal of Psychiatry, 1969, 115:407-19
  Mechanic, D., Explanations of Mental Illness, Journal of Nervous Diseases, 1978, 166:381-6
  Giel, R., Het dilemma van de medische beroepsuitoefening [The Dilemma of the Medical Profession], Medisch Contact, 1976, 31:1021-6
  Huygen, F.J.A., Gezondheid, ziekte, gezin en huisarts [Health, Illness, Family, and Family Physician], Medisch Contact, 1980, 35:433-5
  Mahler, H., Health –  A Demystification of Medical Technology, Lancet, 1975, 2:829-33
  Grond, J.T.H., &  De Pater, D., Arts en arbeidsongeschiktheid [Physician and Unemployability], Medisch contact, 1980, 37:1131-6
  ibid
  ibid
  Freidson, E., Profession of Medicine, New York, Dodd, Mead, 1971
  Van Dijk, W.K., Iets over diagnostiek en diagnostiseren in de psychiatrie [Something About Psychiatric Diagnoses], Groningen, Wolters, 1964, Oratie [Speech]; and Diagnostiek, klinische psychiatrie en psycho-analyse [Diagnoses, Clinical Psychiatry, and Psychoanalysis], in: Van der Leeuw, P.J., Frijling-Schreuder, E.C.M., & Kuiper, P.C., editors, Hoofdstukken uit de hedendaagse psychoanalyse [Chapters From Today’s Psychoanalysis], Arnhem, Van Loghum Slaterus, 1967: 129-42
  Offer, D, & Sabshin, M., Normality (revised edition), New York, Basic Books, 1974
  Redlich, F.C., Editorial Reflections on the Concepts of Health and Disease, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1976, 1:269-80
  Rappeport, J.R., Differneces Between Forensic and General Psychiatry, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1982, 130:331-4
  Szasz, The Uses of Naming and the Origin of the Myth of Mental Illness, American Psychology, 1961, 16:59-65
  Szasz, Psychiatry, the Law, and Social Control, University Review, 1969, 2:8-13
  Farina, A, Fisher, J.D., Getter, H., & Fischeer, E.H., Some Consequences of Changing People’s Views Regarding the Nature of Mental Illness, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1978, 87:272-9
  for instance, Crumpton, E., Weinstein, A.D., Acker, C.W., & Annis, A.P., How Patients and Normals See the Mental Patient, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1967, 23:46-9
  O’Mahony, P.D., Attitudes to the Mentally Ill, A Trait Attribution Approach, Social Psychiatry, 1979, 14:95-105
  Bagheri, A.S., Lane, L.S., Kline, F.M. & Araujo, D.M., Why Physicians Fail to Tell Patients a Psychiatrist is Coming, Liaison Psychiatry, 1981, 22:407-19
  Bockel, C., & Dietrich, B., Psychologische Aspekte de Krankenverhaltens bei psychisch Kranken, Medische Psychologie, 1979, 5:107-23
  Phillips, D.L., Rejectin: A Possible Consequence of Seeking Help for Mental Disorders, American Sociology Review, 1963, 28:963-71
  Goudsmit, W., Psychotherapie in Diskrediet, Nederlandse Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 1973, 117:1921-4
  Gove, W.R., Societal Reaction as an Explanation of Mental Illness: an Evaluation, American Sociology Review, 1970, 35:873-84
  Schwartz, C.C., Myers, J.K., & Astrachan, B.M., Psychiatric Labeling and the Rehabilitation of the Mental Patient, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1974, 31:329-34
  Clausen, J.A., Stigma and Mental Disroder: Phenomena and Terminology, Psychiatry, 1981, 44:287-96
  Weinstein, R.M., Patient Attitutdes Toward Mental Hospitalization: A Review of Quantitative Research, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 1979, 20:237-58
  ibid p 252
  Townsend, J.M., Stereotypes of Mental Illness: A Comparison with Ethnic Stereotypes, Cultural Medical Psychiatry, 1979, 3:205-29
  Ketchum, S.A., &  Pierce, C., Rights and Responsibilities, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1981, 271-80
  Leenen, H.J.J., Gezondheidszorg en recht [Health Care and the Law], Alphen aan de Rijn, Samsom, 1981, p 51
  Halleck, L.L., Legal and Ethical Aspects of Behavior Control, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1974, 131:381-5
  see: Binsbergen, E., De actie tegen het machtigingsstelsel [Action Against Waivers], Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1982, 37:288-95; and Armstrong, D., Madness and Coping, Sociological Health Illness, 1980, 2:293-316
  France, A., & Clarkin, J.F., No Treatment as the Prescription of Choice, Archives of Gereral Psychiatry, 1981, 38:542-5
  Ruddick, W., Doctors’ Rights and Work, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 1979, 192-203
  Stolte, J.B., De jurisische relatie tussen patiënt en arts [The Legal Relationship Between Patient and Pysician], Medisch Contact, 1981, 36:1033-42
  Koninklijke Nederlandsche Maatschappij tot Bevordering der Geneeskunst (KNMG), Basisfilosofie van het Rapport inzake Geneeskundige Verklaringen, Intercollegiale Informatie, en Medische Informatie, Medisch Contact, 1981, 36:108-14; and Besluit en Raport inzake Geneeskundige Verklaringen, Intercollegiale Informatie en Medische Informatie, 7de editie, Utrecht: KNMG, 1982
  Szasz, Reply to Goppelt, J.W., and to Blair, R.D., American Journal of Psychiatry, 1972, 128:1588-9
  Seidenberg, R., The Road Not Taken, In: Grenander, M.E., Comprehensive Proceedings Asklepios at Syracuse: Thomas Szasz, Libertarian Humanist, Albany: State University of New York, 1980,  2-5
  Toulmin, S., Agent and Patient in Psychiatry, Internation Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1980, 3:267-78
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Furlong, F.W., The New Psychotherapies: The Courage to Be, Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 1977, 22:207-14
  Haley, J, De machtspolitiek van Jezus Christus, [The Power Tactics of Jesus Christ] Den Haag: Bert Bakker, 1974 (originally published in English in 1969)
  For a description of this process, see: Goffman, E., The Moral Carreer of the Mental Patient, Psychaitry, 1959, 22:123-42
  Curran, W.J., & Harding, T.W., The Law and Mental Health: Harmonizing Objectives, Geneva, WHO, 1978
  Law book, 1980
  These statistics were taken form Patient Registration of Intramural Mental Health Care.
  De Graaf, A.C., Patronen van juridische situaties in psychiatrische ziekenhuizen, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1980, 22:402-12
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Dekker, G.V.C., Mental Health Amendment Bill, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1983, 25:177-96
  Livermore, J.M., Malmquist, C.P., & Meehl, P.E., On the Justifications for Civil commitment, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 1968, 117: 75-96
  Frankena, W.K., Ethics, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1963
  Jones, K., The Limitations of the Legal Approach to Mental Health, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1980, 3:1-15
  Chodoff, P., the Case for Involuntary Hospitalization of the Mentally Ill, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1976, 133:496-501
  Rengelink, A., Gevolgen van het maken van ‘vuile handen’ [The Consequences of Soiling one’s Hands], Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1977, 32:144-9; and Kooyman, M., Gedwongen opname, een zinvol hulpmiddel bij de behandeling van verslaving? [Coerciond Commitment, An Effective Tool in Treating Addition?], Medische Copntact, 1977, 32:1379-82; for the situation in England, see also: Dekker, G.V.C., Mental Health Amendment Bill, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1983, 25:177-96
  Van de Klippe, H., De rechterlijke machtiging; een literatuurstudie [a study of literature about the court power of attorney], Utrecht, Nationale Centrum voor Geestelijke Gezondheid, 1980, NCGV-reeks 14; and De visies op dwangopname [views on coerciond commitment], Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1980, 35:117-32
  Cohen Stuart, H.M., Wet BOPZ zonder psychiater? [{New Dutch Commitment Laws} without psychiatrists?], Medisch Contact, 1982, 37:565-7
  Dershowitz, A.M., Preventive Confinement, A Suggested Framework for Constitutional Analysis, Texas Law Review, 1973, 51:1277-324
  Van de Klippe, H., De rechterlijke machtiging; een literatuurstudie [a study of literature about the court power of attorney], Utrecht, Nationale Centrum voor Geestelijke Gezondheid, 1980, NCGV-reeks 14; and De visies op dwangopname [views on coerciond commitment], Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1980, 35:117-32
  Berghmans, R.L.P., & Laurs, P.J.H., Het recht op beleving van een psychose, Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1982, 37:776-85
  Werkgroep Rechtspositie Patiënten in Psychiatrische Ziekenhuizen, Eindrapport, {Final report of the Commission on the Rights of Patients in Psychiatric Hospitals], ’s-Gravenhage, Staatsuitgeverij, 1980
  Pols, J., Klinische psychiatrie in de tang, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1980, 22:223-37
  Schultz, S., The Boston State Hospital Case: A Conflict of Civil Liberties and True Liberalism, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1982, 139:183-8
  Milner, N., Models of Rationality and Mental Health Rights, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1981, 4:35-52
  Shah, S.A., Dangerousness and Civil Commitment of the Mentally Ill: Some Public Policy Considerations, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1975, 132:501-5
  Toews, J., Prabhu, V., & El-Guebaly, N., Commitment of the Mentally Ill, Current Issues, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 25:611-8; and Stone, A.A., The Myth of Advocacy, Hospital Community Psychiatry, 1979, 30:819-22
  Brooks, A.D., The Prediction of Dangerousness, Internal Speech at the Convention of Law and Psychiatry in Oxford, July, 1979
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Cocozza, JJ., & Steadman, H.J., Some Refinements in the Measurement and Prediction of Dangerous Behavior, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1974, 131:1012-4
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Monahan, J., Prediction Research and the Emergency Commitment of Dangerous Mentally Ill Persons: A Reconsideration, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1978, 135:198-210
  Yesavage, J.A., Werner, P.D., Becker, J.M.T., & Mills, M.J., Short-term Civil Commitment and the Violent Patient, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1982, 139:1154-9; and The Context of Involuntary Commitment on the Basis of Danger to Others, Journal of Nervous Disorders, 1982, 179:622-7
  Rofman, E.S., Askinazi, C., & Fant, E., The Prediction of Dangerous Behavior In Emergency Civil Commitment, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137:1061-4
  Weisstub, D.N., Psychiatry and the Political Question, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1980, 3:219-33
  Rubin, B., Prediction of Dangerousness in Mentally Ill Criminals, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1972, 27:397-407
  ibid
  ibid; and Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Stone (ibid)
  Robitscher, J., The Powers of Psychiatry, Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1980
  Monahan, J., and Wexler, D.B., A Definite Maybe: Proof and Probability in Civil commitment, Law and Human Behavior, 1978, 2:37-42
  Ellis, A., Should Some People be Labeled Mentally Ill?, Journal of Consultant Psychology, 1967, 31:435-46
  Robitscher, J., The Powers of Psychiatry, Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1980
  Snowdon, J., A Review of Compulsory Admissions to a Psychiatric Unit in Sydney, Australia, New Zeeland Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 15:307-10
  Melick, M.E., Steadman, H.J., Cocozaa, J.J., the Medicalization of Criminal Behavior Among Mental Patients, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 1979, 20:228-37
  Bonovitz, J.C., & Guy, E.B., Impact of Restrictive Civil Commitment Procedures on a Prison Psychiatric Service, Americal Journal of Psychiatry, 1979, 136:1045-8
  De Winter, E., Rechtvaardiging van een gedwongen opname: dire merkwaardigheden [Three notable elements in the justification of involuntary commitment], Medisch Contact, 1978, 33:1421-3
  Peszke, M.A., Is Dangerousness in Issue for Physicians in Emergency Commitment? American Journal of Psychiatry, 1975, 132:825-31
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Robitscher, J., The Powers of Psychiatry, Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1980
  Cohen Stuart, H.M., Wet BOPZ zonder psychiater? Medisch Contact, 1982, 37:565-7
  ibid
  Hazewinkel-Suringa, D., Inleiding tot de studie van het Nederlandse strafrecht [Introduction to Dutch Criminal Law], Groningen, Tjeenk Willink, 1975
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Luckey, J.W., & Berman, J.J., Effects of New Commitment Laws on the Mental Health System, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1981, 51:479-83.
  Cocozza, J.J., & Steadman, H.J., Some Refinements in the Measurement and Prediction of Dangerous Behavior, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1974, 131:1012-4
  Mulder, W.G., I gedwongen opname/behandeling nodig in de zelfmoordproblematiek?, Medisch Contact, 1977, 32:1226-8
  Van Eck, L.A.J.M., Zelfmoord: belangrijkste medische aspecten, Medische Contact, 1977, 32:1089-90
  Nederlandse Jurisprudentie [Journal of Dutch legal precedents], 1982, #501
  Giel, R., & Bloemsma, F., Is suïcidaal gedrag ziek? [Is Suicidal Behavior Sick?], Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Geneeskunde, 1977, 121:2033-7
  Peszke, M.A., Affleck, G.G., & Wintrob, R.M., Perceived Statutory Applicability versus Clinical Desirability of Emergency Involuntary Hospitalization, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137:476-80
  see also: Badger, M.J., & Shore, J.H., Psychiatric and Nonmedical Decisions on Commitment, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137:367-9
  Kwant, R.C., Gedwongen opname bij suïcidepoging? Medisch Contact, 1977, 32:1162-4
  Diekstra, R.F.W., De moralistische benadering van de zelfmoord, Medisch Contact, 1977, 32:1329-32; see also: Offerhaus, R.E., Zelfmoord en dwang, Medisch Contact, 1977, 32:1407-9
  See also: Van Dijk, W.K., Psychiatrie en zelfdoding [Psychiatry and Suicide], 1983 (at the time not yet published)
  Diekstra, R.F.W., Over suïcide: zelfdestructie, zelfbehoud en hulpverlening, [Suicide, self-destruction, self-perservation, and the helping professions] Alphen aan de Rijn, Samsom, 1981
  Bloemsma, F., Suïcidaliteit, onvrijwillige opname en motivatie, [Suicidality, involuntary commitment, and motivation] Tijdschrift vor de Psychaitrie, 1979, 21:650-3; and Stolk, P.J., Suïcide: is helpen gerechtvaardigd? [Suicide, is helping justified?] Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1979, 21:644-9
  Rosen, A., Detection of Suicidal Patients: an Example of some Limitations in the Prediction of Infrequent Events, Journal of Consultant Psychology, 1954, 18:397-403
  Schudel, W.J., Heeft een gedwongen opname zin na een zelfmoordpoging? Medische Contact, 1977, 32:1189-90
  De Graaf, A.C., Een cijfermatige benadering van het zelfmoordverschijnsel in Nederland, Medische Contact, 1977, 32: 1131-4; and Zelfdodingen van opgenomen patiënten in en buiten psychiatrische ziekenhuizen in de periode 1970-1977, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1982, 24:506-12
  Diekstra, R.F.W., Over suïcide: zelfdestructie, zelfbehoud en hulpverlening, Alphen aan de Rijn, Samsom, 1981; see also: Van Eck, L.A.J.M, Knol-Schoonhoven, W., & Van den Lande, J.L., Suïcide en psychiatrische behandeling, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1976, 18:761-808
  Van Ree, F., Enkele gegevens uit een exploratieve studie naar suïcide in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1981, 23:382-98
  De Graaf, A.C., Zelfmoord in psychiatrische ziekenhuizen, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1976, 18:814-21
  Copas, J.B., & Robin, A., Suicide in Psychiatric In-Patients, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1982, 141:503-11
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Pokorny, A.D., Prediction of Suicide in Psychiatric Patients, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1983, 40:249-57
  Schudel, W.J., Heeft een gedwongen opname zin na een zelfmoordpoging? [Is there a point to involuntary commitment after attempted suicide]Medische Contact, 1977, 32:1189-90
  Diekstra, R.F.W., Over suïcide: zelfdestructie, zelfbehoud en hulpverlening, Alphen aan de Rijn, Samsom, 1981
  ibid, p. 240
  Jongmans, J.W.M., Uitgangspunten voor een nieuwe wetgeving met betrekking tot geestelijk gestoorden, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1974, 16:482-97
  Van der Esch, P., De vrijheid van met machtiging opgenomen patiënten, Tijdschrift van de Psychiatrie, 1970, 12:177-85
  Sipsma, D.H., Is gedwongen opneming/behandeling een behoefte in de geriatrie? [Is there a need for involuntary commitment in geriatrics?] Medisch Contact, 1977, 32:1266-70; see also: Berends, F., & Van Niekerk, B, Psychogeriatrie: wat heet hulpverlening? [Psychogeriatrics, what is helping?] Medisch Contact, 1983, 38, 535-8
  De Smit, N.W., Het effect van gedwongen opname op de omgeving, Medische Contact, 1977, 32:1303-4
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Ellis, A., Should Some People be Labeled Mentally Ill?, Journal of Consultant Psychology, 1967, 31:435-46; and Robitscher, J., The Powers of Psychiatry, Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1980
  Hardisty, J.H., Mental Illness: A Legal Fiction, Washington Law Review, 1973, 48:735-62
  Offerhaus, R.E., Wat is erger: ten onrechte opnemen of ten onrechte niet opnemen? [What is worse: unjustified commitment or unjustified non-admission?] Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1979, 21:654-60
  Giel, R., Waarom een psychiatrische diagnose? Alphen aan de Rijn, Stafelu, 1982
  Robitscher, J., The Powers of Psychiatry, Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1980
  See also: Elders, F., De blinde velkken van de dwangbehandeling [The blind spots of forced treatment], Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1977, 32:120-7
  De Graaf, A.C., Patronen van juridische situaties in psychiatrische ziekenhuizen, Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1980, 22:402-12
  De Smit, N.W., Het effect van gedwongen opname op de omgeving, Medische Contact, 1977, 32:1303-4
  See, for instance, Hoogduin, C.A.L., &  Van den Bosch, R.J., Vermijding van opname [avoiding hospitalization], Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1978,2-:258-66
  Owens, H., When is a Voluntary Commitment Really Voluntary? American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1977, 47:104-10
  Van der Esch, P., De krankzinnigenwet, Tijdschrift voor Sociale Geneeskunde, 1971, 49:768-75
  Van Voss, Heerma, Manifest, 1981
  Toews, J., El-Guebaly, N., & Leckie, A., Patients’ Reactions to their Commitment, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 26:251-4; Gordon, D., Alexander, D.A., & Dietzan, J., The Psychiatric Patient: a Voice to be Heard, British Journal of Psychiatry, 1979, 135: 115-21; and Kane, J.M., Quitkin, F., Rifkin, A., Wegner, J., Rosenberg, G., & Borenstein, M., Attitudinal Changes of Involuntarily Committed Patients Following Treatment, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1983, 40:374-7
  Weinstein, R.M., Patient Attitutdes Toward Mental Hospitalization: A Review of Quantitative Research, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 1979, 20:237-58
  Chodoff, P., the Case for Involuntary Hospitalization of the Mentally Ill, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1976, 133:496-501; Schwartz, L., Involuntary Admission – a Century of Experience, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1982, 43:28-32
  Jones, K., The Limitations of the Legal Approach to Mental Health, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1980, 3:1-15
  Stone, A.A., Mental Health and Law: A System in Transition, Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1975
  Shah, S.A., Dangerousness and Civil Commitment of the Mentally Ill: Some Public Policy Considerations, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1975, 132:501-5
  Humber, J.M., The Involuntary Commitment and Treatment of Mentally Ill Persons, Social Science and Medicine, 181, 15F:143-50
  Van Eck, L.A.J.M., Dwangbehandeling en psychiatrie, Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1977, 32:114-9
  See also: Offerhaus, R.E., Wat is erger: ten onrechte opnemen of ten onrechte niet opnemen? Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1979, 21:654-60
  De Graaf, A.C., Patronen van juridische situaties in psychiatrische ziekenhuizen, [patterns of legal situations in psychiatric hospitals] Tijdschrift voor de Psychiatrie, 1980, 22:402-12; see also, Geerlings, P.J, Gedwongen opnamen: een recht op intensieve behandeling [compulsory hospitalization, the right to intensive treatment], Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1977, 32:110-3
  Kane, J.M., Quitkin, F., Rifkin, A., Wegner, J., Rosenberg, G., & Borenstein, M., Attitudinal Changes of Involuntarily Committed Patients Following Treatment, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1983, 40:374-7
  Rubin, B., Prediction of Dangerousness in Mentally Ill Criminals, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1972, 27:397-407
  Stone, A.A., Psychiatric Abuse and Legal Reform: Two Ways to Make a Bad Situation Worse, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1982, 5:9-28
  Nieboer, W., Aegroto Suum, Meppel: Boom 1970
  See also: Laurs, P.J.H., De psychiatrische patiënt op weg naar het recht? [the psychiatric patient on his way to rights] Tijdschrift voor de psychiatrie, 1983, 25:164-76
  American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Mnual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington, D.C., American Psychiatric Association, 1994
  ibid
  In great detail, for instance, in Insanity, theIidea and its Consequences, published in 1987. Also in his later writings he adheres to a concept of illness which I described as biomedical.
  Blazer DG. “Mood Disorders: Epidemiology.” In: Sadock B.J. & Sadock V.A.
 (eds), Kaplans & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 7th ed, ch.14.2. Phildelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2000
  Kleinman A., Rethinking Psychiatry, From Cultural Category to Personal Experience, New York: The Free Press; Toronto: Collier Macmillan, 1988
  Sackett D.L., Richardson W.S., Rosenberg W., & Haynes R.B., Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach EBM, London: Churchill Livingstone, 1997
  Ross, C.A. & Pam, A., Pseudoscience in Biological Psychiatry: Blaming the Body. New York: Wiley, 1995
  Whitaker R., Mad in America; Bad Science, Bad Medicine, and the Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill, Cambridge, Massachusets, Perseus Publishing, 2002
  Fulford, K.W.M., “Closet Logics; Hidden Conceptual Elements in the DSM and ICD Classifications of Mental Disorders” In: Sadler, J.Z., Wiggins, O.P., & Schwartz, M.A. (eds): Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification, Baltimore/London: John Hopkins University Press, 1994, pp. 211-233
 This political-philosophical foundation (see Chapter III) is expressed in several books that have appeared in the last two decades:
Szasz T. Therapeutic State: Psychiatry in the Mirror of Current Events, Prometheus Books, 1984
Szasz T. The Untamed Tongue: a Dissenting Dictionary, La Salle (Ill.): Open Court Publishing Company, 1990
Szasz T. Our Right to Drugs: the Case for a Free Market, New York: Praeger, 1992
Szasz T. Cruel Compassion: Psychiatry’s Control of Society’s Unwanted, New York: John Wiley, 1994
Szasz T. Pharmacracy: Medicine and Politics in America, New York: Praeger, 2001
Szasz T. Liberation by Oppression, New Brunswick (NJ): Transaction Publishers, 2002
   Universitaire Leergangen Gezondheidszorg, Van KZ-wet naar BOPZ, wetgeving en uitvoering. [From the Old to the New Commitment Law]: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, 1985
  Davidson L., “Human Rrights vs. Public Protection: English Mental Health Law in Crisis?” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2002:25, pp. 491-515
  Riechler-Rössler A., & Rössler, W., „Compulsory Admission of Psychiatric Patients – an International Comparison” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 1993, 87: 231-236;  Röttgers, H.R. & Lepping, P., “Zwangsunterbringung und – behandlung psychisch Kranker in Groszbrittannien und Deutschland” Psychiatrische Praxis, 1999, 26: 139-142;  Mercuel, A., Caroli, F., Smagghe, P.O., & Baldacci-Epinette, C., “French Psychiatry and Legislation: The law of 27 June 1990,” European Psychiatry, 1997, 9, supplement 2: 241-247; and Salize, H.J. & Dressing, H., “Epidemiology of Involuntary Placement of Mentally Ill People cross the European Union,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 2004, 184: 163-168
  see Röttgers, H.R. & Lepping, P. above
  see Mercuel, A., Caroli, F., Smagghe, P.O., & Baldacci-Epinette, C. above
  see Salize, H.J. & Dressing, H. above.
  Hiday, V.A., “Involuntary Commitment as a Psychiatric Technology,” International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 1996, 12: 585-603
  Høyer, G., “On the Justification for Civil Commitment,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 2000, 101: 65-71
  Tuohimäki et al, “Psychiatric Inpatients’ Views on Self-Determination,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2001, 24: 61-69
  Kasper, J.A. et al, “Prospective Study of Patients’ Refusal of Antipsychotic Medication under a Physician Discretion Review Procedure,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 1997, 154: 483-489
  Ramsay, R., et al, “Compulsory Treatment in Anorexia Nervosa: Short-term Benefits and Long-term Mortality,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1999, 175: 147-153
  Watson, T.L., Bowers, W.A., & Andersen, A.E., “Involuntary Teatment of Eating Disorders,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 2000, 157: 1806-1810
 Vaillant, G.E., “Mental Health,” American Journal of Psychiatry, 2003, 160: 1373-1384
  Szmukler, G., & Holloway, F., “Reform of the Mental Health Act,” British Journal of Psychiatry, 2000, 177: 196-200
  Glass, K.C., “Refining Definitions and Devising Instruments: Two Decades of Assessing Mental Competence,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 1997, 20: 5-33
  Grisso, T.,  & Appelbaum, P.S., “The McArthur Treatment Competence Study I: Mental Illness and Competence to Consent to Treatment; III Abilities of Patients to Consent to Psychiatric and Medical Treatment; Measures of Abilities Related to Competence to Consent to Treatment,” Law and Human Behavior 1995, 19: 105-174
  Tan, J.O.A., Hope, T., Stewart, A. & Fitzpatrick, R., “Control and Compulsory Treatment in Anorexia Nervosa: The Views of Patients and Parents,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2003, 26: 627-645
  Høyer, G., “On the Justification for Civil Commitment,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 2000, 101: 65-71
  Saravanan, B., Jacob, K.S., Prince, M., Bhugra, D., & David AS, “Culture and Insight Revisited,” British Journal of Psychiatry,  2004, 184: 107-109
  Kimble, G.A., “Psychology’s Two Cultures,” American Psychologist, Aug. 1984: 833-839
  Henselmans, H., Kok, S., Nammensma, V.,  van Berkel, H., “Bemoeizorg,” Maandblad Gestelijke Volksgezondheid, 1991, 46: 1193-1205
  Raad voor de Volksgezondheid en Zorg, Dwang en drang in de gezondheidszorg, (government publication), 1997
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